Wye river memorandum
The complete text, signed on friday, October 23, 1998 by Prime Minister
Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian Authority Chairman Yasser Arafat
The following are steps to facilitate implementation of the Interim
Agreement on the West Bank and Gaza Strip of September 28, 1995 (the
“Interim Agreement”) and other related agreements including the Note
for the Record of January 17, 1997 (hereinafter referred to as “the
prior agreements”) so that the Israeli and Palestinian sides can more
effectively carry out their reciprocal responsibilities, including
those relating to further redeployments and security respectively.
These steps are to be carried out in a parallel phased approach in
accordance with this Memorandum and the attached time line. They are
subject to the relevant terms and conditions of the prior agreements
and do not supersede their other agreements.
I. FURTHER REDEPLOYMENTS
A. Phase One and Two Further Redeployments
- Pursuant to the Interim Agreement and subsequent agreements, the
Israeli side’s implementation of the first and second F.R.D. will
consist of the transfer to the Palestinian side of 13% from Area C as
1% to Area (A)
12% to Area (B)
The Palestinian side has informed that it will allocate an area/areas
amounting to 3% from the above Area (B) to be designated as Green
Areas and/or Nature Reserves. The Palestinian side has further
informed that they will act according to the established scientific
standards, and that therefore there will be no changes in the status
of these areas, without prejudice to the rights of the existing
inhabitants in these areas including Bedouins; while these standards
do not allow new construction in these areas, existing roads and
buildings may be maintained.
The Israeli side will retain in these Green Areas/Nature Reserves the
overriding security responsibility for the purpose of protecting
Israelis and confronting the threat of terrorism. Activities and
movements of the Palestinian Police forces may be carried out after
coordination and confirmation; the Israeli side will respond to such
- As part of the foregoing implementation of the first and second
F.R.D., 14.2% from Area (B) will become Area (A).B. Third Phase of Further Redeployments
With regard to the terms of the Interim Agreement and of Secretary
Christopher’s letters to the two sides of January 17, 1997 relating
to the further redeployment process, there will be a committee to
address this question. The United States will be briefed regularly.
In the provisions on security arrangements of the Interim Agreement,
the Palestinian side agreed to take all measures necessary in order
to prevent acts of terrorism, crime and hostilities directed against
the Israeli side, against individuals failing under the Israeli
side’s authority and against their property, just as the Israeli side
agreed to take all measures necessary in order to prevent acts of
terrorism, crime and hostilities directed against the Palestinian
side, against individuals falling under the Palestinian side’s
authority and against their property.
The two sides also agreed to
take legal measures against offenders within their jurisdiction and
to prevent incitement against each other by any organizations, groups
or individuals within their jurisdiction.
Both sides recognize that it is in their vital interests to combat
terrorism and fight violence in accordance with Annex I of the
Interim Agreement and the Note for the Record. They also recognize
that the struggle against terror and violence must be comprehensive
in that it deals with terrorists, the terror support structure, and
the environment conducive to the support of terror.
It must be continuous and constant over a long-term, in that there
can be no pauses in the work against terrorists and their structure.
It must be cooperative in that no effort can be fully effective
without Israeli-Palestinian cooperation and the continuous exchange of
information, concepts, and actions.
Pursuant to the prior agreements, the Palestinian side’s
implementation of its responsibilities for security, security
cooperation, and other issues will be as detailed below during the
time periods specified in the attached time line:
A. Security Actions
- Outlawing and Combating Terrorist Organizations
- The Palestinian side will make known its policy of zero tolerance
for terror and violence against both sides.
- A work plan developed by the Palestinian side will be shared with
the U.S. and thereafter implementation will begin immediately to
ensure the systematic and effective combat of terrorist organizations
and their infrastructure.
- In addition to the bilateral Israeli-Palestinian security
cooperation, a U.S.-Palestinian committee will meet biweekly to
review the steps being taken to eliminate terrorist cells and the
support structure that plans, finances, supplies and abets terror. In
these meetings, the Palestinian side will inform the U.S. fully of
the actions it has taken to outlaw all organizations (or wings of
organizations, as appropriate) of a military, terrorist or violent
character and their support structure and to prevent them from
operating in areas under its jurisdiction.
- The Palestinian side will apprehend the specific individuals
suspected of perpetrating acts of violence and terror for the purpose
of further investigation, and prosecution and punishment of all
persons involved in acts of violence and terror.
- A U.S.-Palestinian committee will meet to review and evaluate
information pertinent to the decisions on prosecution, punishment or
other legal measures which affect the status of individuals suspected
of abetting or perpetrating acts of violence and terror.
- Prohibiting Illegal Weapons
- The Palestinian side will ensure an effective legal framework is
in place to criminalize, in conformity with the prior agreements, any
importation, manufacturing or unlicensed sale, acquisition or
possession of firearms, ammunition or weapons in areas under
- In addition, the Palestinian side will establish and vigorously
and continuously implement a systematic program for the collection
and appropriate handling of all such illegal items in accordance with
the prior agreements. The U.S. has agreed to assist in carrying out
- A U.S.-Palestinian-Israeli committee will be established to assist
and enhance cooperation in preventing the smuggling or other
unauthorized introduction of weapons or explosive materials into
areas under Palestinian jurisdiction.
- Preventing Incitement
- Drawing on relevant international practice and pursuant to Article
XXII (1) of the Interim Agreement and the Note for the Record, the
Palestinian side will issue a decree prohibiting all forms of
incitement to violence or terror, and establishing mechanisms for
acting systematically against all expressions or threats of violence
or terror. This decree will be comparable to the existing Israeli
legislation which deals with the same subject.
- A U.S.- Palestinian-Israeli committee will meet on a regular basis
to monitor cases of possible incitement to violence or terror and to
make recommendations and reports on how to prevent such incitement.
The Israeli, Palestinian and U.S. sides will each appoint a media
specialist, a law enforcement representative, an educational
specialist and a current or former elected official to the committee.B. Security Cooperation
The two sides agree that their security cooperation will be based on
a spirit of partnership and will include, among other things, the
- Bilateral CooperationThere will be full bilateral security cooperation between the two
sides which will be continuous, intensive and comprehensive.
- Forensic CooperationThere will be an exchange of forensic expertise, training, and other
- Trilateral CommitteeIn addition to the bilateral Israeli-Palestinian security
cooperation, a high-ranking U.S.-Palestinian-Israeli committee will
meet as required and not less than biweekly to assess current
threats, deal with any impediments to effective security cooperation
and coordination and address the steps being taken to combat terror
and terrorist organizations. The committee will also serve as a forum
to address the issue of external support for terror.
In these meetings, the Palestinian side will fully inform the members
of the committee of the results of its investigations concerning terrorist
suspects already in custody and the participants will exchange
additional relevant information The committee will report regularly
to the leaders of the two sides on the status of cooperation, the
results of the meetings and its recommendations.
C. Other Issues
- Palestinian Police Force
- The Palestinian side will provide a list of its policemen to the
Israeli side in conformity with the prior agreements.
- Should the Palestinian side request technical assistance, the U.S.
has indicated its willingness to help meet their needs in cooperation
with other donors.
- The Monitoring and Steering Committee will, as part of its
functions, monitor the implementation of this provision and brief the
- PLO CharterThe Executive Committee of the Palestine Liberation Organization and
the Palestinian Central Council will reaffirm the letter of 22
January 1998 from PLO Chairman Yasir Arafat to President Clinton
concerning the nullification of the Palestinian National Charter
provisions that are inconsistent with the letters exchanged between
the PLO and the Government of Israel on 9/10 September 1993.
PLO Chairman Arafat, the Speaker of the Palestine National Council, and
the Speaker of the Palestinian Council will invite the members of the
PNC, as well as the members of the Central Council, the Council, and
the Palestinian Heads of Ministries to a meeting to be addressed by
President Clinton to reaffirm their support for the peace process and
the aforementioned decisions of the Executive Committee and the
- Legal Assistance in Criminal MattersAmong other forms of legal assistance in criminal matters, the
requests for arrest and transfer of suspects and defendants pursuant
to Article II (7) of Annex IV of the Interim Agreement will be
submitted (or resubmitted) through the mechanism of the Joint
Israeli-Palestinian Legal Committee and will be responded to in
conformity with Article II (7) (f) of Annex IV of the Interim
Agreement within the twelve week period. Requests submitted after the
eighth week will be responded to in conformity with Article II (7)
(f) within four weeks of their submission. The U.S. has been
requested by the sides to report on a regular basis on the steps
being taken to respond to the above requests.
- Human Rights and the Rule of LawPursuant to Article XI (1) of Annex I of the Interim Agreement, and
without derogating from the above, the Palestinian Police will
exercise powers and responsibilities to implement this Memorandum
with due regard to internationally accepted norms of human rights and
the rule of law, and will be guided by the need to protect the
public, respect human dignity, and avoid harassment.
III. INTERIM COMMITTEES AND ECONOMIC ISSUES
- The Israeli and Palestinian sides reaffirm their commitment to
enhancing their relationship and agree on the need to actively
promote economic development in the West Bank and Gaza. In this
regard, the parties agree to continue or to reactivate all standing
committees established by the Interim Agreement, including the
Monitoring and Steering Committee, the Joint Economic Committee
(JEC), the Civil Affairs Committee (CAC), the Legal Committee, and
the Standing Cooperation Committee.
- The Israeli and Palestinian
sides have agreed on arrangements which will permit the timely
opening of the Gaza Industrial Estate. They also have concluded a
“Protocol Regarding the Establishment and Operation of the
International Airport in the Gaza Strip During the Interim Period.”
- Both sides will renew negotiations on Safe Passage immediately. As
regards the southern route, the sides will make best efforts to
conclude the agreement within a week of the entry into force of this
Memorandum. Operation of the southern route will start as soon as
possible thereafter. As regards the northern route, negotiations will
continue with the goal of reaching agreement as soon as possible.
Implementation will take place expeditiously thereafter.
- The Israeli and Palestinian sides acknowledge the great importance
of the Port of Gaza for the development of the Palestinian economy,
and the expansion of Palestinian trade. They commit themselves to
proceeding without delay to conclude an agreement to allow the
construction and operation of the port in accordance with the prior
agreements. The Israeli-Palestinian Committee will reactivate its
work immediately with a goal of concluding the protocol within sixty
days, which will allow commencement of the construction of the port.
- The two sides recognize that unresolved legal issues adversely
affect the relationship between the two peoples. They therefore will
accelerate efforts through the Legal Committee to address outstanding
legal issues and to implement solutions to these issues in the
shortest possible period. The Palestinian side will provide to the
Israeli side copies of all of its laws in effect.
- The Israeli and Palestinian sides also will launch a strategic
economic dialogue to enhance their economic relationship. They will
establish within the framework of the JEC an Ad Hoc Committee for
this purpose. The committee will review the following four issues:
- Israeli purchase taxes;
- cooperation in combating vehicle theft;
- dealing with unpaid Palestinian debts; and
- the impact of Israeli standards as barriers to trade and the
expansion of the A1 and A2 lists.
The committee will submit an interim report within
three weeks of the entry into force of this Memorandum, and within
six weeks will submit its conclusions and recommendations to be
- The two sides agree on the importance of continued international
donor assistance to facilitate implementation by both sides of
agreements reached. They also recognize the need for enhanced donor
support for economic development in the West Bank and Gaza. They
agree to jointly approach the donor community to organize a
Ministerial Conference before the end of 1998 to seek pledges for
enhanced levels of assistance.
IV. PERMANENT STATUS NEGOTIATIONS
The two sides will immediately resume permanent status negotiations
on an accelerated basis and will make a determined effort to achieve
the mutual goal of reaching an agreement by May 4, 1999. The
negotiations will be continuous and without interruption. The U.S.
has expressed its willingness to facilitate these negotiations.
V. UNILATERAL ACTIONS
Recognizing the necessity to create a positive
environment for the negotiations, neither side shall initiate or take
any step that will change the status of the West Bank and the Gaza
Strip in accordance with the Interim Agreement.
ATTACHMENT: Time Line
This Memorandum will enter into force ten days from the date of
Done at Washington, D.C. this 23d day of October 1998.
For the Government of the State of Israel:
For the PLO:
William J. Clinton The United States of America
Note: Parenthetical references below are to paragraphs in “The Wye
River Memorandum” to which this time line is an integral attachment.
Topics not included in the time line follow the schedule provided for
in the text of the Memorandum.
- Upon Entry into Force of the Memorandum:
- Third further redeployment committee starts (I (B))
- Palestinian security work plan shared with the U.S. (II (A) (1) (b))
- Full bilateral security cooperation (II (B) (1) )
- Trilateral security cooperation committee starts (II (B) (3))
- Interim committees resume and continue; Ad Hoc Economic Committee
- Accelerated permanent status negotiations start (IV)
- Entry into Force – Week 2:
- Security work plan implementation begins (II (A) (1) (b)); (II (A)
- Illegal weapons framework in place (II
(A) (2) (a));
Palestinian implementation report (II (A) (2) (b))
- Anti-incitement committee starts (II (A) (3) (b));
decree issued (II (A) (3) (a))
- PLO Executive Committee reaffirms Charter letter (II (C) (2))
- Stage 1 of F.R.D. implementation: 2% C to B, 7.1% B to A.
Israeli officials acquaint their Palestinian counterparts as required
F.R.D. carried out;
report on F.R.D. implementation (I(A))
- Week 2-6:
- Palestinian Central Council reaffirms Charter letter (weeks two to
four) (II (C) (2))
- PNC and other PLO organizations reaffirm Charter
letter (weeks four to six) (II (C) (2))
- Establishment of weapons collection program (II (A) (2) (b)) and
collection stage (II (A) (2) (c));
committee starts and reports on activities.
- Anti-incitement committee report (II (A) (3) (b))
- Ad Hoc Economic Committee:
interim report at week three;
final report at week six (III)
- Policemen list (II (C) (1) (a));
Monitoring and Steering Committee review starts (II (C) (1) (c)
- Stage 2 of F.R.D. implementation: 5% C to B.
Israeli officials acquaint their Palestinian counterparts as
required with areas; F.R.D. carried out; report on F.R.D. implementation (I (A))
- Week 6-12:
- After Week 12:Activities described in the Memorandum continue as appropriate and if
- Trilateral security cooperation committee (II (B)(3))
- (II (A) (1) (c)) committee
- (II (A) (1) (e)) committee
- Anti-incitement committee (II (A) (3) (b))
- Third Phase F.R.D. Committee (I (B))
- Interim Committees (III)
- Accelerated permanent status negotiations (IV)