By Jonathan Schanzer & Barak Barfi, August 7, 2003
Jonathan Schanzer is a Soref Fellow at the Washington Institute for Near
East Policy. Barak Barfi is a visiting research fellow at Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
ISRAELI Prime Minister Ariel Sharon visited Washington last week to garner
support for a Middle East cease-fire that includes dismantling Palestinian
terrorist groups in the West Bank and Gaza. With the focus on Hamas and
Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ), however, one terror organization has been
largely ignored: the Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades, which threatened Sunday to end
its truce with Israel.
If Washington is not careful, sidelined Palestinian Authority Chairman Yasser
Arafat will build the Brigades into the strongest Palestinian rejectionist group –
and emerge triumphant from his current isolation.
To understand how, first realize that Arafat and the Brigades are
inextricably linked. In fact, Arafat helped form the terrorist group.
With the Intifada’s launch in September 2000, suicide bombings quickly made
radical groups like Hamas and PIJ more popular than Arafat’s Fatah in the
“Palestinian street.” So Arafat and his cadres attempted to imitate the popular
Islamic groups by creating one of their own.
The newly formed Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades co-opted Islamic symbols
and slogans, drawing heavily from the Koran and Islamic tradition. And the
Brigades soon matched Hamas by sponsoring suicide bombings – more than two
dozen to date (including a thwarted attack last week).
Almost three years later, Brigades members openly admit their membership in
Arafat’s Fatah faction. Malik Jallad, a Brigades commander in Tulkarm
acknowledges, “we belong to Fatah.” One Brigades foot soldier told USA
Today, “Our commander is Yasser Arafat himself.”
Even Palestinian Authority minister Abd al-Fattah al-Hamayel admits that
Fatah funds the organization. Arafat, for his part, calls the group’s cadres his
And documents seized by the Israeli military show financial links. In one
instance, Arafat paid out $20,000 to the group. From other files, it’s clear that
he bankrolled everything from explosives to guns and gas money.
Today, Arafat uses the Brigades as a tool to undermine both peace efforts and
his political adversaries.
* After a cease-fire with Israel was declared in late June, Zakaraya al-Zubaydi,
the Brigades commander in Jenin, issued a leaflet slamming it. Days later, his
fighters carried out the first major violation of the truce when they killed a
Bulgarian in the West Bank.
In public, Arafat claimed to order the arrest of Zubaydi and his gang. In
private, the Palestinian leader authorized a $10,000 payment to them. When
the governor of Jenin voiced disapproval of this illegal deal, Zubaydi had him
kidnapped and beaten. Only a phone call from Arafat to the Brigades leader
secured the official’s release.
* When Nabil Amr, a Palestinian reformer, openly criticized the rampant
corruption in Palestinian ministries, Arafat responded by sending masked
gunmen from the Brigades to shoot up his house.
The group is also doing everything in its power to subvert Palestinian Prime
Minister Mahmoud Abbas and sabotage a cease-fire that would put the peace
process back on track. In one recent leaflet circulated in the West Bank, the
Brigades called on Arafat to remove Abbas and his government. Another
threatened the Israelis with “a thousand years war” led by “an army of martyrs.”
By challenging Israel and weakening Abbas’ authority, the Brigades bolster their
standing in a Palestinian street that puts a premium on radical rhetoric and
deed. They also strengthen Arafat. Indeed, the sidelined leader can assert his
relevance by insisting that he is the only Palestinian leader with the authority
and power to rein in the organization. Thus, the Brigades will be his ticket back
into the game.
The United States should not allow Arafat to use the Brigades for these
purposes. Washington must push for the disarming of this group with the same
intensity as it is working to break up Hamas and PIJ.
The State Department, after all, declared the Brigades a foreign terrorist
organization last March. In recent months, the group has carried out more acts
of violence against Israelis than Hamas or PIJ. And in February, Brigadier al-Haj
Abu Ahmad revealed to the Saudi-based al-Majallah his plans to send hundreds
of fighters from the Brigades into Iraq to fight the U.S.
The Bush administration has done a great job in sidelining Arafat to date.
Dismantling the Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades, one of Arafat’s last terror cards, will
be a crucial step in the process of rendering him irrelevant.